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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

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Red Army. All stocks of food in Government and private stores, including
grain from the estates., were therefore placed at the disposal of the occu-
pying force. Obviously such exploitation could not have the effect of
obtaining the backing of the country for this c Committee/ particularly
in such a country as Poland. The lawful government existed and all eyes
were turned towards it, awaiting the real liberation. Moscow propaganda
poured out accusation after accusation against these£ agents of the London
Government3 who were the instigators of * bitter obstruction' and the
mere fact of the propaganda alone was to reveal the lack of support given
by the Polish population to this 4 Committee/ cs This obstruction/'
claimed Moscow, " has even taken the form inside Poland of the assassin-
ation of democratic and working-class leaders, and the attemtped sabotage
of the great social reforms to which the ' Committee * set its hand."*

In reality there was no active opposition of any kind against the Russian
occupant and its representative ' Committee '—the Home Army had been
disbanded—but there was the silent passive opposition of the entire popu-
lation who was unanimous in refusing to recognise the puppet Govern-
ment of a foreign power. The familiar tactics of the Russians could not
be disguised—the staging of trials for those £ traitors who had co-operated
with the Germans ? and the capture and imprisonment of the existing
Underground personnel as being the e most important leaders of the

Thus the first stages of sovietisation were well under way in Poland.
The frame-work of ruling was on a par with the typical Russian cruelty,
and ruthlessness. The Underground State was being persecuted, the
"Army torn from the hands of the bourgeoisie/5 the first steps towards
the victory of the new regime. In the realms of economies, the great
industries had been nationalised, others taken under the control by the
aid of the newly-created Communist Party. The land reforms resulted
in the devastation of every great agricultural concern and the total destruc-
tion of the existing system of food distribution. This was the reality of
the situation inside Poland at the time of the Crimea Conference. The
chains of c liberation * were indeed heavy. The individual was set at
naught and the omnipotent Soviet State, triumphant . . . Russia pushed
its cordon sanitaire westward, drawing Poland into its ring.

* Daily Worker, January 2nd, 1945,